Argentina offers innumerable alternatives for tourists worldwide. Activities for all the ages can be found, I interest and cultures. Know the places like the Patagonia, the Cataracts of the Iguazú, the Aconcagua, Land of Fuego or Buenos Aires.
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HOW TO GET HERE
All the airline companies that fly to Argentina they arrive, mainly, to the international airport of Ezeiza "Minister Pistarini", located to 37 km of the city of Buenos Aires, Federal Capital. He is united to her by the freeway General Lieutenant Ricchieri. Remember that when leaving the country it will have to pay a rate in dollars.
WHEN TO TRAVEL
It remembers that in the austral hemisphere the stations are opposed to those of the boreal one. In general, the summer, with smooth temperatures and long days, is the most favorable station in the southern Patagonia and the $andes. In winter he is recommendable to travel by the north and the northwest, because rains are less frequent and the tropical temperatures descend some degrees. Autumn and spring are magnificent in Buenos Aires, Whose and precordilleranas areas of the Rioja and Catamarca.
In the airport will be able to recover the amount paid in concept of the Tax to the Added Value, if it has acquired national products by amounts superior to $ 70 (by invoice) in the commerce adhered to the system "Global Refund".
Means of payment
Although the American dollar and euro generally are accepted, the currency change in national currency is made in banks and houses authorized. The credit cards of more frequent acceptance are American Express, VISA, Diners and Master Card. It can have difficulties for the travel check exchange outside Buenos Aires.
Banks and exchange: Mo to Fr, between 10.00 and 15.00.
Shops: in big cities, from 09.00 to 20.00, although in the provincies usually they close at noon.
Restaruants and Cafes: they are open almost always, with a parenthesis between two and six of the dawn.
Restaurants: the lunch be served from the 12,30 and the supper from the 20.30. Many establishments offer fast meals to all hour.
It is custom to leave to a 10% of the amount of the service in cafeterias and restaurants and to give a gratuity to doormen, maleteros and ushers of spectacles.
Formalities of entrance
Passport in vigor, with or without visa, according to the cases. Its embassy or next consulate consults in. The visitors coming from nonbordering countries exentos of all burden on trip effects and new articles of a value nonsuperior to the additional U$S 300 and U$S 300 have left if they were acquired in "free shops" qualified in national territory. Any certificate of vaccination when entering the country is not demanded.
The telephones public work with cards that acquire in kiosks and offices of the telephone companies or with currencies of effective legal course. Also they exist locutorios of payment in cash (opened the 24 hours).
In order to call from the foreigner the code of area from the locality is due to mark to the national area code soon, that is the 54, and to which it is desired to call. In national calls it is necessary to put in front the 0 to the respective code. And to call to the outside, from the country, one will be due to mark the 00, the symbol of the country and the code of city.
Remember the existence of tariffs reduced of 22,00 to 08,00 hours.
They are possible to be acquired in the offices of the Automobile Argentine Club (Av. of Liberator 1850, Buenos Aires).
Secretariat of Tourism of the Nation, Tourist Information centers: Av. Santa Fe 883, (C1059ABC) Buenos Aires, Airport the International of Ezeiza and Airfield for light aircrafts Jorge Newbery; email: to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tourist information centers of the City of Buenos Aires, in Av. Pte. Quintana and J.M. Ortiz, Florida and North, Terminal Diagonal of Omnibus of Retiro and Shopping of the Supply; email: to email@example.com.
The Argentina name
It comes from the Latin "argentum", that means silver. The origin of this denomination goes back to the trips of the first Spanish conquerors to the River of the Silver. The shipwrecks of the expedition of Juan Diaz de Soli's found in the region to natives who gave silver objects to them and took to Spain, towards 1524, the news of the existence of the Mountain range of the Silver, a rich mountain in that precious metal. As of that date the Portuguese called to the river of Soli's, River of the Silver. Two years later, the Spaniards also used that denomination. The sanctioned National Constitution in 1853 included the name of "Argentine Republic" between the official names for the designation of the government and territory of the Nation.
Situation, extension and limits
Located in South America and therefore in the South hemisphere of the planet, Argentina has an extension of almost 3.8 million Km², of which 2.8 belong approximately to the continent - with a 54% of plains (prairies and savannahs), a 23% of plateaus and another 23% of mountain ranges and mountains and the rest to the Antarctic sector. Their 3,800 kilometers in length extend from 22º to 55º of South latitude Limits with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile with a perimeter of borders of 9,376 kilometers. The marine facade, on the Atlantic Ocean, reaches the 4,725 kilometers.
The fundamental characteristic of the Argentine relief is the enormous resistance which they offer the immense Eastern plains and the impressive mountain range from the $andes to the west, the one that has the highest summit of the Western Hemishpere: the Aconcagua, of 6,959 meters.
In its route from Jujuy to the Earth of the Fire, the mountain range exhibits the wonderful variety of its landscape: from the plateaus of the northwest - desert, with valleys, broken and colorful hills to the region of the lakes, forests and glaciers of the Patagonia. To the north, the Chaco is a forest area related to the rivers Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo. Between the rivers Parana and Uruguay, the Argentine Mesopotamia (provinces of Between Rivers, Currents and Missions) is formed by lomadas low, lagoons and matting that indicate the old layouts of these great rivers. In some sectors, in the middle of the subtropical forest, ruptures take place that favor as spectacular phenomena as the Cataracts of the Iguazú. In the center of Argentina, the Pampan region is the most extensive and well-known plain. Of intense agricultural and cattle operation, it includes the province of Buenos Aires, the northeast of the province of Pampas and the south of Cordova and Santa Fe. Its landscape is interrupted to the south by the small mountainous areas of Tandil and the Window, and to the west by the mountain ranges of Cordova. Towards the south, from the $andes to the sea, the sterile and pedregosas patagónicas plateaus extend, whipped great part of the year by the wind. The Atlantic coast, bordered by high cliffs, draws winding forms, like the Valdés Peninsula, with its spectacular marine animal posts station.
Argentina has a great climatic variety: the humid in Pampan plain, cold and humid tempering and in the extreme west of the Patagonia, subtropical in the North part of the warm Mesopotamia and in the Northwest. From November to March, the average temperature is of 23° C and, of June to September, 12° C.
The present population of Argentina is of more than 36 million inhabitants, of who almost half resides in the Federal Capital and the province of Buenos Aires. These numbers indicate a density of 13 inhabitants by Km². 95% of the Argentineans are of white race, Italian and Spanish descendants mainly of. With the arrival of massive European immigration, the mestizo - it crosses between target and Indian went away diluting little by little, and today only he supposes 4.5% of the Argentine racial population. Pure the indigenous population - mapuches, collas, tufas, matacos and chiriguanos- represent 0.5% of the inhabitants.
The official language of the Argentine Republic is the Castilian (or Spanish). In Buenos Aires it adopts forms of lunfardo, slang of the Buenosairean scope.
The official religion is the Roman Apostolic Catholic, although total freedom of cult exists. They practice in addition the Protestantism, the Judaism, the islamismo, the Greek orthodox religion, the orthodox Russian and others.
The Argentine official currency is the weight. There are bills of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos, and currencies of 1 peso and 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents.
Constitution and government
23 provinces integrate the national territory and the Federal Capital, Buenos Aires. His government, according to the National Constitution, adopts the representative, republican and federal form, and the division in three powers: executive, legislative and judicial. They carry out the Executive authority, a President and a Vice-president by the term of four years, they can be reelectos by a single consecutive period. They conform the Legislative Power, two cameras, the one of Senators, composed by three senators by each province and three by the City of Buenos Aires, and the one of Deputies, integrated by representatives chosen of direct and proportional way to the number of inhabitants of each district. The President and Vice-president of the Nation, as well as the Head of Government of the City of Buenos Aires, the governors of the provinces and the members of the legislative bodies are chosen by secret and obligatory universal suffrage by the citizens of both greater sexes of 18 years. The Judicial Power "is exerted by the Supreme Court of Justice and other inferior courts". Each province in agreement with the principles, declarations and guarantees of the National and low Constitution the federal representative system, dictates the own constitution that governs its acts of government. The effective Constitution data of 1853. Despite it has been reformed in 1860, 1898, 1957 and 1994. The last reform, of August of 1994, allows the re-election of the President of the Nation, by a period.
Two historical dates
25 of May of 1810. The First Governing body Patrio was constituted.
9 of Julio of 1816. The Independence of the United Provinces of the River of the Silver was proclaimed.
The flag is made up of three horizontal strips: a white power station with rising and two external, blue a sun celestial. The national flower is the one of ceibo and the national stone, the rodocrosita or "rose of the Inca".
The mountain range of the $andes exhibits its greatness in the patagónicas provinces. Millenarian and quiet forests with native vegetal species extend to borders of the water mirrors. In summits of mountains, the nature overflows in tips of granite and ice fields that spill their languages glaciers in lakes of matchless beauty.
Huge mammals and marine birds live some seasons in the rustic patagónicas coasts where they fulfill part of his vital cycle. Colonies of marine wolves juguetean in small barren islands and restingas. The marine elephants of the south have in Valdés Peninsula the most important continental post station of the world, magical place to which goes the austral frank whales precise to be procreated (gulfs New and San Jose). Maras, ñandúes and guanacos pursue by steppes and in Tombo End the greater colony of magallánicos pingüinos of the planet nests. The overwhelmed one watched of the visitor contemplates this cadence that is repeated from inmemorables times.
And to the south, the Earth of the Fire and the most austral city of the world, Ushuaia, a door opened towards the immense and mysterious Antártida.
It's the region of the great rivers, the humid tropic, the red Earth and the virgin forest covered with giant trees, with extraordinary flora and fauna. Great waters - Iguazú in language guarani ' - that the nature overflows resoundingly in one of the wonders of the world: the Cataracts of the Iguazú.
A scene of exuberante beauty that extends by the National Park Iguazú, the Jumps of the Moconá, the National Park Pilcomayo River, the National Park the Palmar, the Matting of the Iberá or the plain chaqueña.
Apoteosis of the nature, where the misioneras jesuíticas ruins, declared by UNESCO Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity, are the alive testimony of the fecund work of the Company of Jesus.
Pampan plain is one of the richest zones of Argentina and offers the magic of a vast space of distant horizons. It is the Earth of the gauchos, men of a horse, and the traditions.
The stays of Argentine Pampas stands out by his varied architecture. They were constructed following styles as dissimilar as the colonial Hispano-American, the English Tudor or the classic French. Many of them were adapted to serve like lodging for the tourism.
Towards the northwest of this plain arises the mountain ranges from Cordova. They reach 2,790 meters of height in the Champaquí hill. Their fertile valleys, their deserts and salt mines grant to the set a special attraction. Dispersed following the way towards the north, they are appearing the chapels and stays - of century XVII and Xviii constructions many of them bequeathed by the Jesuitas.
Cuyo -"país of the deserts "in indigenous language is the snow-covered region of high summits, volcanos and the vast passages that extend from the $andes and the precordilleranas mountainous areas to the esteparia plain.
A true trip to the era of the dinosaurios is the visit to the Natural Parks Ischigualasto - Talampaya (Natural Patrimony of the Humanity). Ischigualasto, also call "Valley of the Moon" by the surprising forms and colors of its landscape carved by the erosion, is one of the more important paleontological deposits of the world. The tube of the Talampaya river astonishes with you fold them you multiform of its reddish stops and paredones.
Pink flamingoes, cordilleranos ducks, vicunas and guanacos freely coexist in parks and natural reserves, under the sigiloso flight of the cóndores.
The region shows Central the $andes in all its splendor: the Aconcagua hill (6,959 ms), the max height of the Western Hemishpere. A cold white mantle covers the incredible cordilleranas slopes that skiers enjoy all the latitudes.
In valleys of the Rioja, Mendoza and San Juan, between leaves of parra, property and warehouses, can be followed the route of the wine, elixir that it has obtained the international recognition.
The provinces of the North exhibits intermingled pre-Columbian vestiges, indigenous ruins of strengths and towns and constructions of Conquista and the Colonization.
The time seems to have stopped in the plateau of the Puna; furrowed land of mountainous areas, broken defiles and. The towns were established in Earth depressions. Hills surround, sometimes monochrome multicolors, with slopes sometimes covered with great cactus.
Thisregion allows the encounter with a total landscape of resistances, from high summits to the plain, with salares and subtropical forests, in which the Latin American culture took its roots.